Many accountants take pride in helping clients by taking a logical and measurable approach to challenges, and finding the best outcome for them. So it stands to reason that a similar numerical rigour can also be used by accountants to potentially boost their own outcome for retirement.
Time is your friend
If you’re in your 40s or 50s, you will benefit from having a decent amount of time to further grow any assets you have already accumulated. It’s well recognised that to meaningfully increase the value of your investments you must take some risk – a longer timeframe helps you ride out the up and downs of yearly volatility, and allows you to benefit from the tremendous effects of compounding.
It’s worth assessing how much you may be paying now to have your money managed for you
Yet compounding can work to your detriment too. Consider the fees you pay as a normal part of having a portfolio managed for you. Whatever you pay in fees over, say, a 10 or 20-year timeframe will add up and eat into your pot during this period.
Obviously paying zero fees would be ideal, but realistically you will pay some. Yet paying just 1% less in fees makes a considerable difference over time. For example, for a £500,000 portfolio, growing at 5% a year, and with a fee difference of 0.65% vs 1.65%:
- in 10 years you would accrue more than £70,000 extra by paying 1% less in fees
- in 20 years you would amass more than £200,000 extra with a fee difference of 1%.
So it’s worth assessing how much you may be paying now to have your money managed for you – you may find you could take a higher income in retirement and enjoy a pot that lasts longer with the potential savings you could make.
If you invest mainly in equity income funds or developed world equities, you may not have enough diversification
It also makes sense to scrutinise how diversified you might be. While it’s common knowledge that a diversified portfolio sensibly spreads risk, you should gauge whether your investment mix is fit for purpose today (read more about the impact of recent global events).
So you should ensure that your portfolio can adapt, but also that it is truly diversified and optimally constructed. Yes, bonds may be a good idea, but US treasuries or UK gilts? Corporate bonds or emerging market debt? Finding the right mix requires careful investigation and appropriate action. If you invest mainly in equity income funds or developed world equities, you may not have enough diversification to suit your future needs.
Most UK readers will hardly need to be reminded of the benefit of tax wrappers, such as ISAs and pensions. There is not enough space here to concisely show worked examples of their value but, suffice to say, how you assign your capital each year (by making the most of your allowances) will help you maximise your outcome later.
It’s worth asking some questions to help you stay on the right track. In the UK, these might include:
- Are you making the most of a whole family’s ISA allowance each year? Even over 10 years, the difference between being inside the wrapper and outside is quite significant.
- Will you likely approach the pensions lifetime allowance (LTA) at some stage? If so, what steps can you take to mitigate the potential impact?
- To ensure your finances are even more efficient, are you making the most of your annual capital gains tax allowance?
It's important to keep track of the interplay between how much you set aside in either a pension or ISA – and even more so in retirement to calculate from where and what time you should draw from your investments. By putting an effective strategy in place earlier you can reap considerable rewards when you come to retire.
Crunching the numbers
If your retirement investment strategy doesn’t add up, you may need to revisit your sums. Accountants are often remarkably well placed to assess the anticipated value of their holdings, and to do the right thing to secure a pot that meets their needs and wishes.
Yet a little help doesn’t hurt – especially if it makes it easier to determine whether you should make some changes to your plans. Powerful online tools can help you gain a clearer picture of your finances over time and see how they could change.
You can model for various scenarios to see if, for example, planned pension contributions are sufficient to help you reach your goals. You can change variables such as tax rates, risk level, contributions and withdrawals to create a useful impression of how your finances could unfold.
And, of course, the old adage is true: it is never too soon to plan for retirement.
See also 'The struggle to fund retirement'